Common Asthma Triggers

asthmaCommon asthma triggers

Asthma is a common medical problem. Its symptoms vary from person to person, but they can include wheezing, coughing, breathlessness and tightness in the chest.

In most cases, the symptoms can be controlled effectively and the dangers are low. There are now a range of treatments on offer. For example, sufferers may benefit from using a salbutamol inhaler. These products contains a fast acting medicine that helps to stop asthma attacks when they occur.

It’s not known exactly what causes the condition, although it is believed to be a combination of factors. Some of these may be genetic, although environmental factors are also thought to contribute to the development of asthma. For example, chlorine in swimming pools, high modern hygiene standards and pollution in the air are believed to increase the risk.

The science

In people who have asthma, the small tubes in the lungs known as bronchi, through which air passes, become inflamed and are more sensitive than normal. This means that when these individuals come into contact with potential irritants, they can develop symptoms. The muscles around their airways tighten, causing the bronchi to become narrower. There is also an increase in the production of sticky mucus, causing further obstruction.

Triggers

Asthma symptoms can be brought on by a whole range of triggers. For example, respiratory tract infections can increase the likelihood of attacks. Infections that affect the upper airways, like colds and the flu, are especially likely to aggravate asthma.

Certain medicines can also have an impact. The class of painkillers known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which include ibuprofen and aspirin, can bring on symptoms. Beta-blockers can also have this effect.

Environmental factors are often to blame too. Allergens such as pollen, dust mites, feathers and animal fur can trigger symptoms. Mould or damp and chemicals in carpets and flooring materials are risk factors as well. Also, foods that contain sulphites can cause problems. Products such as jam, concentrated fruit juice and processed meat fall into this category. Food allergies can bring symptoms on as well.

The weather can also be to blame. Sudden changes in temperature, cold air, windy days, humidity, poor air quality and thunderstorms are all known to cause problems among sufferers.

Exercise can bring on attacks too, as can stress. Laughing can even lead to an attack.

Controlling the condition

Triggers vary between asthma sufferers, but once people buy ventolin inhaler have identified their personal risk factors, they can take steps to avoid them.

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